Friday, August 30, 2013

Hortatory Exposition Text

The Importance Of Reading
I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life. Why do I say so?
Firstly, by reading we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in the world such as Science, technology, sports, arts, culture, etc written in either books, magazine, newspaper, etc.
Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something happening in any parts of the world which can we see directly.
Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too. When we are tired, we read books, novel, comic, newspaper or magazine on the entertainment column such as comedy, short story, quiz, etc. To make us relaxed.
The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the world. By reading a book about Irian Jaya we may feel we’re really sitting there not at home in our rooms.
From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge, information and also entertainment. Or in summary we can say reading is truly important in our life.
Baca Selengkapnya... Hortatory Exposition Text

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Analytical Exposition Text

Learning English
Why is Learning English Important?
Language is the mean of communication. Mostly groups of society have their own languages. Some of them appear the top global languages. Most people in the world hear about English, Arabic, and Mandarin. However English is the most global spoken language. Then if a man wants to catch a global goal, he has to master English.
Everyone recognize that English is an international language. English is used in writing and speaking by many people all over the world. It can be either as a first or second language. We even hear British, American, Australian, and even Singaporean English. Those various names of English are used as the first language in those countries. Futhermore, some countries have their own languages as a mother language but also use English mostly in daily comunication.
Besides usage in daily interaction, English is also used as a key to open doors leading to scientific and technical knowledge. No wonder we find manual guides and instructions of many devices written in English. Even if we have a pack of instant noodle, we will see the cooking instruction also written in English. This transfer of science and technic will include many countries in economic, social and politics development.
Finaly, the most easily seen in the importance of learning English is that most top requirement in filling job opportunities is the ability using English; active or passive. Job applicants who master English are more favourable than ones who do not.
The above facts prove that everybody needs to learn English if he likes to greet the global era.
Baca Selengkapnya... Analytical Exposition Text

Saturday, August 24, 2013

Procedure Text

How to make fried rice (nasi goreng)
Prep time: Depends on how fast you can chop up the ingredients. I take a long time to cut things. It also cuts a lot of time if the rice is already cooked. We use leftover rice, while fresh new rice is cooking. (*A helpful reader pointed out that it’s important to use leftover rice because it has less moisture. The full explanation is here.)
Calories: We don’t believe in counting those in Indonesia, and we’re fans of the empty calories (i.e. krupuks).
·         A handful of shallots
·         A handful of garlic
·         2 eggs
·         A handful of red chili peppers
·         One large red chili pepper
·         About 5 cups of cooked rice
·         Vegetable oil
·         Salt
·         Cucumber (optional)
1) Cut the red shallots, garlic, and red chili peppers.
2) Fry all this together using a wok-like pan and about ¼ cup of vegetable oil.
3) Once the mixture is sufficiently soft and cooked, remove it from the oil. Use a stone grinder to mash the ingredients;. Add about 1 teaspoon of salt.
4) Crack two eggs and scramble in the same wok with same, leftover oil.
5) Once the eggs are scrambled, stir in about 5 cups of cooked, white rice.
6) Stir in the ground mixture of garlic, peppers and shallots.
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Sunday, August 18, 2013

Adjective dan Adverb (pembahasan)

Adjective (kata sifat) memberikan informasi tentang kata benda. Contoh:
·         She’s an excellent dancer.
·         I’ve got a new apartment.
Adverb (kata keterangan) merubah kata kerja, yakni kata keterangan menjelaskan bagaimana sesuatu dilakukan. Contoh:
- She learns quickly.
- You can speak English well.
Adjective (kata sifat)
Adjective bisa ditempatkan sebelum kata benda. Contoh:
·         This is a beautiful bird.
·         “This is a bird beautiful.” tidak benar.
Kata sifat memberikan informasi seperti ukuran (kecil, besar), bentuk (bulat, persegi), warna (kuning, hijau), kebangsaan (Cina, Polandia), dan opini (baik, buruk).
Adjective tidak mengalami perubahan yang tergantung pada jumlah (tunggal atau jamak). Contoh:
·         She has a cute puppy.
·         She has three cute puppies.
Perhatikan bahwa adjective (cute) tidak mengalami perubahan baik dalam bentuk tunggal (puppy) maupun jamak (puppies).
Adjective juga bisa ditempatkan setelah kata kerja tertentu seperti be, feel, look, dan taste. Contoh:
·         I’m really happy today.
·         She’s got a new job so she feels great.
·         You look wonderful!
·         This chicken tastes delicious.
Adverb (kata keterangan)
Adverb sering dibentuk dengan menambahkan -ly di belakang adjective. Contoh:
·         quick (adjective) - He’s quick at learning new things.
·         quickly (adverb) - He learns quickly.
·         bad (adjective) - He didn’t get a bad test score.
·         badly (adverb) - He didn’t do badly in his test.
Untuk adverb yang terbentuk dari adjective yang berakhiran dengan huruf “-y”ganti “-y” dengan “-i” dan tambahkan “-ly“. Contoh:
·         easy (adjective) - He thinks math is easy.
·         easily (adverb) - He can do math easily.
·         happy (adjective) - He’s a happy man.
·         happily (adverb) - He works happily every day.
Untuk adverb yang terbentuk dari adjective yang berakhiran dengan huruf “-le” ganti “-le” dengan “-ly“. Contoh:
·         simple (adjective) - The teacher makes difficult things simple.
·         simply (adverb) - He teaches simply and clearly.
Beberapa adverb sama dengan adjective. Contoh:
·         He runs fast (adverb) - He’s a fast runner. (adjective)
·         He studies hard. (adverb) - It’s a hard life. (adjective)
Adverb untuk “good” adalah “well“. Contoh:
·         She’s a good pianist.
·         She plays the piano well.
Adverb juga bisa mengubah adjective dan adverb-adverb lainnya. Contoh:
·         That’s a good book.
·         That’s a very good book.
·         She’s a talented girl.
·         She’s an incredibly talented girl.
·         You’re right!
·         You’re absolutely right!

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Thursday, August 15, 2013

Fungsi Verb

Pengertian Verb
Verb adalah suatu kata yang digunakan untuk menunjukkan tindakan dari subject, menunjukkan peristiwa, atau keadaan (go, occur, sleep, want). Kata kerja merupakan satu dari delapan part of speech. Kata ini tidak selalu berbentuk simple (satu kata), melainkan mungkin berupa frasa hasil kombinasi dengan particle ~ phrasal verb (get in, make up, read over).
Beberapa macam-macam verb antara lain sebagai berikut.
Transitive dan
Regular dan Irregular
Action dan Stative
Finite dan Non-Finite
Linking Verb
Auxiliary Verb
Verb Voices Verb Moods

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Monday, August 12, 2013

kata kerja multikata

Phrasal verbs adalah bagian dari kata kerja yang disebut juga dengan istilah multi-word verbs (kata kerja multikata).

Multi-word verbs, termasuk phrasal verbs, adalah hal yang umum dipakai dalam berkomunikasi dalam bahasa Inggris. Umumnya banyak orang menyebut semua multi-word verbs dengan sebutan phrasal verbs. Beberapa contoh phrasal verbs: pick up, turn on, get up, look up, break down, etc.

Phrasal verbs terdiri dari basic verb + another word or words. Kata lain yang menyertai kata kerja dasar bisa berupa preposisi dan/atau adverbia. Gabungan dua atau tiga kata yang menjadi kata kerja multikata (multi-word verbs) disebut frase (phrase). Itulah mengapa kata kerja ini disebut dengan istilah “phrasal verbs”.

Hal penting untuk diperhatikan adalah bahwa phrasal verbs tetaplah disebut kata kerja, misalnya kata “get” dan “get up” adalah sama-sama kata kerja. Tetapi “get” dan “get up” mempunyai arti yang berbeda. Meskipun berbeda arti, phrasal verbs tetap diperlakukan dan dipelajari sebagaimana umumnya kata kerja. Dan masalah yang sering dihadapi adalah ketidakjelasan makna dalam suatu kalimat karena phrasal verbs memiliki beberapa arti yang berbeda.

Phrasal verbs juga dapat berupa intransitive dan transitive.
- The witness finally broke down on the stand. (Intransitive)
- She looked up her old boyfriend. (Transitive)
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Thursday, August 8, 2013

Auxiliary Verb

Auxiliary merupakan kata kerja yang muncul sebelum kata kerja utama. Kata kerja bantu ini dapat dibedakan menjadi:
primary auxiliary (be, do, have): menguatkan makna kata kerja utama
modal (can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must): mengekspresikan willingness (kemauan), ability (kemampuan), necessity (kebutuhan), dan possibility (kemungkinan).
phrasal modal (be able to, be going to, ought to, used to, etc): modal verb yang terdiri dari lebih dari satu kata.
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Monday, August 5, 2013

Bentuk teks bahasa ingggris

Analytical Exposition
Fungsi Analytical Exposition: Untuk membujuk pembaca atau pendengar bahwa sesuatu dalam kasus ini, untuk menganalisis atau menjelaskan.
Generik Struktur analitis eksposisi:
- Thesis (biasanya mencakup argumen pratinjau. Hal ini memperkenalkan topik dan menunjukkan posisi penulis)
- Arguments (terdiri dari titik dan urutan elaborasi. Jumlah titik mungkin berbeda, tetapi masing-masing harus didukung oleh diskusi dan bukti)
- Reiteration (menyatakan kembali posisi lebih kuat dalam terang argumen disajikan)
* Kata-kata emotif seperti: alarmed, worried
* Kata-kata yang memenuhi syarat pernyataan seperti: usual probably
* Kata-kata yang argumen link yang seperti: firstly, however, on the other hand, therefore
* Biasanya present tense
* Senyawa dan kalimat kompleks

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Thursday, August 1, 2013

Contoh Idiom

Berikut ini adalah beberapa contoh kalimat idiom:

1. Jane is overweight. Even so, she’s very attractive
2. Joan cut down on eating in restaurants to save money
3. Mrs. Cooper asked her children to stop fighting and try to get along with each other
4. All of sudden, a little girl ran in front of the truck
5. The baby was about to fall down the stairs when I caught her
6. Juan is from Colombia, so he’s used to hot weather
7. I will be better off when I move into my new apartment
8. I paid all my bills and now I’m broke
9. Mrs. Baker is in charge of the family’s finances
10. I can’t make sandwiches because we’re out of bread
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